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Australia
Source
: National Report on the Implementation of the PoA, 2008 and 2010 
Date
: 09/05/2011
National Report
: 2008, 2010
 
Contact
: Arms Control and Counter-Proliferation Branch, International Security Division, Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Email
: http://www.crimecommission.gov.au
 
 
 
 


National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

National Firearms Agreement (NFA), 1996 National Firearms Trafficking Policy Agreement (NFTPA), 2002

 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

Australia is currently reviewing its marking practices in the context of taking the steps necessary to ratify the Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (Firearms Protocol) and the international instrument on marking and tracing of small arms and light weapons. In late 2008, State and Territory governments conducted targeted consultation with the firearms industry in their jurisdiction, in order to assess the nature of manufacturing activities occurring across Australia and to form some initial considerations about an appropriate regulatory approach. Further consultation and work between the Australian and State and Territory governments will take place during 2009-10 to determine appropriate regulatory settings to be applied nationally. This regulatory area will address a number of relevant obligations under the Firearms Protocol.

Marking at the time of import:

All imported firearms manufactured after 1900 must bear a unique identifying mark (i.e. serial number). The Australian Customs Service monitors compliance with this requirement as a part of import procedures.

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:



 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

All Australian jurisdictions require compulsory registration of firearms and licensing of firearms owners in the national database (Crimtrac). This system is update by each State and Territory and linked across Australia on a monthly basis. Export and import procedures require full details of the firearms to be provided to Customs. Police services have access to firearms registration and licensing details through the maintenance of individual State and Territory firearm registry systems and also through the National Firearms Licensing and Registration System. The Australian and State and Territory governments are continuing to implement new information exchange mechanisms to improve the quality and availability of firearms data at the national level. The ACC has been involved actively in data cleansing activities on behalf of State and Territory governments to ensure that wherever possible the data contained in registry databases is of a high standard.

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
:

The Australian Crime Commission (ACC) undertakes the tracing of located firearms within the criminal market. The ACC has a strong relationship with both the national and international firearms industry which supports the timely tracing of illicit firearms. Gathering historical records, the ACC is establishing a database of firearm transaction records which indicate if a located firearm was ever in the licit market. This identifies those firearms as being legally imported into Australia where no factory records exists. Some 1.1 million historical records have been entered into the ACC firearms database in 4-5 years. The ACC has also developed a series of in-house tools designed to automate the data entry process and to identify importers of specific firearm brands, which assists in the timely tracing of illicit firearms.

Operational Informaton Exchange:

In 2007 the ACC and the United States Department of Justice, Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco and Firearms, (ATF) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) on the sharing of information in relation to firearm trafficking issues.

Needs and Request for Assistance::

Implementation challenges and opportunities:

Australia has noted the challenges of identifying viable and practical options for implementing the Firearms Protocol obligation on the marking of firearms on import.