Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests:
For the purpose of identifying and tracing, registers are maintained permanently. The Royal Malaysia Police will be able to trace a particular arm by referring to the Register. In addition, Malaysia has introduced two systems for tracing purposes:
(1) MyBid: this system will assist in conducting ballistic identification on all small arms recovered, seized or alleged to be used in any crime. In future all arms used by private persons and security agencies will be subject to the same test;
(2) FLAME (Firearms Licensing Application Monitoring and Enquiry) system, which assists maintaining electronic records of all arms.
Working towards the establishment of a database on illicit trafficking of arms and explosives with a view to address the current lack of information or database and research indicating the volume of trade, types of cases pursued, the trends, routes and manner of smuggling.
Operational Informaton Exchange:
Information exchange and cooperation in tracing illicit SALW is conducted administratively through bilateral and multilateral arrangements, such as ASEANAPOL, INTERPOL and EUROPOL. The type and extent of information disclosed is governed by national security measures. Malaysia is working with INTERPOL and ASEANAPOL towards the creation of an integrated electronic ASEANAPOL database system (E-ADS) for information sharing and exhcnage of intelligence and operational matters. Apart from this, the Mutual Assistance in Criminal Matters Act 2002 allows for assistance to be rendered to other countries on the basis of reciprocity when the need arises.
Needs and Request for Assistance::
Implementation challenges and opportunities: