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Mozambique
Source
: National Report on the implementation of the PoA, 2010 and 2008 
Date
: 06/05/2011
National Report
: 2008, 2010
 
Contact
: Mr. Álvaro Manhique and Mr. Cristóvão Estefane Chelene, both Superintendent of Police
Email
: jbule@yahoo.com, tchingry2001@yahoo.com
 
 
 
 


National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

Arms and Ammunition Act 2007

 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

Article 43 of the Arms and Ammunition Act 2007: “…Firearms are marked during the process of import, export, transit, seizure, confiscation and transfer to the State by citizens…”; Article 44(1) of the Arms and Ammunition Act 2007: “…Firearms should be indelibly marked by inserting in the upper side of the barrel the manufacturer, country and year of manufacture, followed by the initials PRM…” Mozambique has nowenforced the regional system introduced in 2008 which standardises marking and registration of firearms.

Marking at the time of import:

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:

Article 46 of the Arms and Ammunition Act 2007: "…those who alter, falsify, remove the marking or deny providing information regarding firearms will be punished in terms of the law and, firearms shall be apprehended in favour of the State…"

 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

Article 45(3) of the Arms and Ammunition Act 2007: “…Record keeping should be maintained for up to 10 years …” Currently the Government of Mozambique has a manual system of record keeping. There are around 4,000 civilian licenses for firearms ownership held by the Department of Public Security and Order of the Polícia de Republica de Moçambique (PRM). Government owned weapons are also registered with the national register. The manual nature of the current system places serious restrictions on the capacity of the PRM to trace the providence of a weapon both nationally and regionally, in cooperation with SADC member states. In response to the present limitations for tracing posed by the manual record keeping system, in the 3rd quarter of 2009, the Government of Mozambique’s Inter-Ministerial Commission to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate Illicit Trafficking in Small Arms and Light Weapons and United Nations Development Programme reactivated their cooperation with the Brazilian NGO Viva Rio, towards the development of an integrated, digitized firearms register. Building on the experience of Viva Rio in the development of the Civilian Police of Rio de Janeiro’s digitized firearms register, and previous cooperation in 2007 with GoM and UNDP, from 29 November to 9 December 2009 Viva Rio’s Armed Violence Control team with the Director of the Civilian Police of Rio de Janeiro’s Police Laboratory visited Mozambique to identify requirements in terms of technical, human resource and logistical support to install and implement a national firearms register such as the Civilian Police of Rio de Janeiro has currently. The intensive programme of meetings for the integrated Brazil, Ministry of Interior and UNDP delegation was designed to provide a “cradle to grave” picture of firearms ownership in Mozambique. At Maputo, Nampula and Beira levels, the delegation met with senior management from Police Protection, Public Order, PRM logistics, the Police Criminal and Forensic Laboratories, Domestic violence and children protection cabinet and Customs authorities as well as members of civil society, private security companies and firearms dealers. During 2010/11, GoM, UNDP and Viva Rio will work in partnership during the development, installation and population of the national register. The resulting recommendations will guide the development of a national, centralised register, through a three phase process.

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
:

Operational Informaton Exchange:

From 2 – 4 December 2009, representatives of the Government of Mozambique participated in the SARPCCO Technical Organs Meeting: Information, Communication and Technology. Amongst other issues on the agenda were the roles and functions of INTERPOL and SARPCCO as well as a Unified Firearms Registration Database. Such a unified, uniform regional database will assist SADC countries in the implementation of the ITI through streamlined communication and information sharing. The lessons learned at the December workshop by GoM participants, will also facilitate the development of Mozambique’s own national digitized firearms database, to be compatible with other SADC member state models.

Needs and Request for Assistance::
Under the project cooperation between GoM, UNDP and the Brazilian NGO Viva Rio, the development of the Mozambican national firearms database is foreseen to be undertaken in three (3) phases. In 2010 UNDP has committed to supporting the project with USD 200,000. Additional donor support of USD 700,000 is required for full implementation at national level, across 11 provinces. A full GoM / UNDP / Viva Rio partnership proposal is available on request. Support the development of a national firearms register through training to law enforcement and NGO staff responsible for the organization and administration of databases recording registered and seized small arms.

Implementation challenges and opportunities:

Under the UN Programme of Action and the International Tracing Instrument, Mozambique participated in the Capacity-building Workshop on the Implementation of the International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit SALW, held in Nairobi, Kenya from 10–11 December 2007.