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Peru
Source
: National Report on the Implementation of the ITI, 2008 
Date
: 31/01/2009
National Report
:
 
Contact
: National Commission against the Illicit Manufacture and Trafficking of Firearms, Ammunition, Explosives and other Related Materials
Email
:
 
 
 
 


National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

Law No. 25054 (20 January 1989) on manufacture, trade, possession and personal use of arms and ammunition and the Supreme Decree No 007-98-IN (5 October 1998). Supreme Decree No. 051 DE/CCFFAA (18 October 1990), adopting Directive No. 008-LO-EQ-90 sets out procedures in the case of loss or confiscation of arms, ammunition, explosives or other related materials.

 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

There are currently no arms manufacturers based in Peru, but legislation does provide for the marking of arms and ammunition produced on Peruvian territory for civilian use.

Marking at the time of import:

There is currently no legislation in place with regard to the marking of imported firearms and ammunition

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:

Although are no standardized regulations on the marking of firearms acquired by the Armed Forces and National Police, the Ministry of Defence is required by law to established standardized policies and administrative procedures. All the arms acquired in recent decades by the Armed Forces and National Police have been marked with the stamp of the Republic of Peru and the date of manufacture, serial number, calibre, model, country of manufacture and the identifying marks of the manufacturer. Police arms acquired before the integration of the police force also are marked with the institutional coat of arms.


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:



 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

Arms held by the Armed Forces and National Police are registered in the automised data system of each institution of the Armed Forces and the National Police, which is the standard in other countries. The Joint Command of the Armed Forces centrally registers and controls arms in the individual possession of members of the Armed Forces. Arms in the personal possession of the members of the Police are registered and control by the Police Logistics Division. Civilian arms are registered and control by the Department for the Control of Security Services, Arms, Ammunition and Explosives for civilian use (DICSCAMEC) of the Ministry of Interior. The information registered is stored in electronic archives for no less than 10 years, in accordance with national legislation. Information registered in DICSCAMEC includes that on arms which have been confiscated because they were illegally manufactured or trafficked or used to commit a crime, which allows for their identification and tracing.

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
:

The Technical Committee on Arms Certification is charged with verifying, classifying and establishing the final destination (return to the Armed Forces or Police or destruction) of arms that have been loss, seized or decommissioned, based on the firearm's markings and characteristics, which are compared and identified using the computerised control systems and corresponding registers. Traces are carried out by the Intelligence Department of the Ministry of Interior and DICSCAMEC, in cooperation with the National Central Office of Interpol, which receives tracing requests for firearms in other member states or from other Member States.

Operational Informaton Exchange:

In February 2008, at the Second Conference of the States Parties to CIFTA, held in Mexico, the "Tlatelolco Commitment" was adopted by which states agreed to the initiation of a consultative process to create, in a timely fashion, an information exchange system in firearms and ammunition seized from organized criminal organizations and/or reported as stolen or lost, including the possibility of a hemispheric register, regional, subregional and national registers and other appropriate measures.

Needs and Request for Assistance::
International cooperation and assistance for the proposed National Workshop on Marking and Tracing

Implementation challenges and opportunities:

In February and October 2006, Peru participated in the meetings of the CIFTA-CICAD Expert Group on Washington, D.C. for the development of model legislation on marking and tracing firearms. It is intended that a National Workshop on Marking and Tracing will be organized to raise awareness of national authorities of the provisions of the International Tracing Instrument and the need to conclude national legislation on this matter.