National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:
Firearms Control Act 2000
National Marking Practices
A unique marking system has been implemented in South Africa, which places
an obligation on all manufacturers to mark firearms as part of the production
process. This includes marking unique identifying codes for manufacturers and the year in which the firearm was manufactured.
Marking at the time of import:
Marking is required at the time of import by Firearms Control Act
Marking of SALW in the possession of government
armed and security forces:
Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:
Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW
within their territory:
The details of all firearms and firearm owners in South Africa are recorded in a single Central Firearms Register database. The Central Firearms Register is utilised to ensure an effective and comprehensive single control system and to contribute to the prompt tracing of firearms, including the history of such a firearm, as well as its transfer(s). The details of all firearms imported, exported and in-transit through South Africa are also maintained by the South African authorities via the Central Firearms Register database.
Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests:
The South African Police Service has developed a specific methodology for tracing illegal firearms through a methodology involving specific steps to determine possible criminal intent or involvement.
Operational Informaton Exchange:
Within the SADC.
Needs and Request for Assistance::
Implementation challenges and opportunities:
During March 2005, the South African Police Service was involved in a workshop organised by the East African Police Chiefs Cooperation Organization, aimed at providing training regarding marking and tracing of small arms. The workshop took place in the context of the implementation of the Nairobi Protocol.