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Bosnia and Herzegovina
Source
: National Report 2010 and 2008 
Date
: 04/05/2011
National Report
:
 
Contact
: Mr. Momir Brajic
Email
: momir.brajic@mvp.gov.ba
 
 
 
 


National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

Law on Examining, Marking and Tracing of Small Firearms and Ammunition (Official Gazette of BiH, No 21/03). The State Law on Testing, Stamping and Marking of SALW, March 2003 (Official Gazette of BiH No 21/03). Regulation for the procedure of testing, stamping and marking of firearms and ammunition, 2007.

 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

Bosnia and Herzegovina manufactures only certain types and calibers of SALW and ammunition. These are: ammunition calibre up to 12,7 mm, hand grenades, mortars and mortar shells calibre up to/over 100 mm, recoilless weapons, hand-held antitank equipment calibre 90 mm, other limited equipment in limited amounts. The marking system in BiH consists of alpha-numerical symbols. Marks must be on a visible place/part of the equipment and on boxes/packaging. The marks look as follows: SRB 8702-01 (where SRB is the name of the producer, Slavko Rodic-Bugojno, 87 is the last two digits of the production year, 02 is the production series and 01 is the war production series). or 007 9401-01 or 124 0301 (where 124 is the producer code for Bugojno, 03 is the last two digits of the production year and 01 is the production series). Ammunition may also be marked with codes for type and model, e.g.: TF, M68P1 (where TF means high-explosive ammunition, M is model, 68 is the year of introduction of the type of ammunition into armaments and P1 is modifications and the number of modifications). Boxes are also marked, especially those for ammunition. During maintenance of some SALW types, UN and NATO defined marks are being put on appropriate place. The example is given below: E.G. 1.4S 0345 1305-XX-215-4502 E.G. means classification of danger, 0345 UN number, 1305-XX-215-4502 is NSN number (National Stock Number which identifies producing country of equipment) Marks on armaments (recoilless rifles and mortars are marked by cold marking on parts such as tube or breech system and they are permanent). Ammunition can be marked with colour on the top of the bullet, e.g. black colour for penetrating ammunition, red colour for flare ammunition, etc. Marking techniques are harmonized with OSCE standards. Therefore, the main technique is marking with color including marking of the metal parts by cold mark stamping whereas some parts are marked by engraving. Hot marking and casting are not used, but they could be carried out without any difficulty. All SALW which have not been marked regularly and are located in BiH, are destroyed.

Marking at the time of import:

All weapons and ammunition imported are subject to testing, stamping and marking before their release onto the market.

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:

In accordance with the information received from the Ministry of Defense of BiH, Police and Security Forces of BiH, all small arms and light weapons in their use are marked in accordance with existing laws and regulations


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:

All measures against the removal or alternations of markings are implemented in accordance with the existing laws in BiH for testing, stamping and marking of SALW. As stipulated in the law for testing, stamping and marking only licensed companies, firms or agencies are accredited to test, stamp and mark all manufactured arms and to issue certificates.

 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

The Ministry of Defense possesses a central database of all SALW in military stocks that is applied in the NATO Dare system. It provides accurate and comprehensive information and data of all SALW and ammunition in military stocks. All Police and Security agencies and forces in BiH also possess a database for SALW in their own use and stocks. The Rules and regulations for record-keeping and stockpiling of the European Union Police Mission (EUPM) are applied. The Ministry of Foreign Trade and Economic Relations of BiH also possess a data base of all manufactured SALW and ammunition and their storage. A separate data base is established for the accurate and comprehensive record-keeping of the licenses issued for export and import of SALW. The establishment of the data base was supported by the UNDP BiH through its Small Arms Control programme. Annual Reports for export and import of SALW, military equipment and dual-use items are submitted to the BiH Parliament. The data base and reports were developed in accordance with the EC Directives and EU Code of Conduct for export and import. BiH is working on developing and endorsing new laws at state level that will harmonize and regulate the central registers on SALW. The Ministry of Security of Bosnia and Herzegovina is working to develop a Central Registry for SALW in civilian possession including the SALW trade in BiH. The project is supported by UNDP SACBIH and is implemented in accordance with the EC Directive for acquisition, possession and carrying of arms.

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
:

The information technology equipment TRACKER system for the weapons and military equipment export control has been installed within the relevant ministries, and experts from the USA have been conducting training of local personnel. This system will ensure complete and centralized monitoring of data on weapons that are imported, exported and transferred.

Operational Informaton Exchange:

Needs and Request for Assistance::
Further assistance is required for the monitoring and establishment of a central database at the BiH state level of all marked SALW in order to provide fast and accurate information and allow for detailed inspections. This includes expertise for conducting the assessment of the current capacities and needs for improvement and development of the database, as well as funding.

Implementation challenges and opportunities:

Bosnia and Herzegovina will work to develop a Strategy and Action Plan for implementation of the International Tracing Instruments that will include specific activities and resources required for its implementation.