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Czech Republic
Source
: National Report on the Implementation of the PoA, 2010 and 2008 
Date
: 04/05/2011
National Report
:
 
Contact
: Directorate for Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Arms Equipment, Police of the Czech Republic
Email
: rsscp@mvcr.cz
 
 
 
 


National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

Some amendments to the Arms Act and to the Firearms Proofing Act are in the drafting stage to improve current marking system in the Czech Republic especially concerning marking of imported firearms/SALW, including SALW in used of the government armed and security forces.

 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

The marking system is divided into two categories according to the type of SALW: the marking of hunting, sporting and personal arms, i.e. firearms for non-military (civilian) purposes, and the marking of SALW for military purposes. Marking of firearms for non-military (civilian) purposes is regulated by the Firearms Proofing Act and its Implementing Regulation No. 335/2004. Firearms or small arms are marked in accordance with the Convention for the Reciprocal Recognition of Proof-Marks of Small Arms (Convention pour la reconnaissance réciproque des poincons d´épreuves des armes a feu portatives), to which the Czech Republic acceded in 1969. The Convention was published in "Sbírka zákonu" as Notice No. 70/1975. It imposes obligations on firearms manufacturers, importers and proofhouses in the field of the marking of firearms. Each weapon must bear the manufacturer’s registered trademark, name or code of the person or entity submitting the weapon to the proofhouse, serial number, model name, country of origin and calibre. These marks must be made on at least one of the main parts of the weapon; serial numbers must appear on the barrel, frame and breech. The manufacturer affixes his marks during the production process, as a rule before the final assembly. Once this obligation is fulfilled, the Czech Arms and Ammunition Proofing Authority will affix its proof-mark. Any unmarked weapons must be presented by the manufacturer or importer to the Czech Arms and Ammunition Proofing Authority for marking according to the Firearms Proofing Act. Manufacturers and importers are prohibited from marketing unmarked or inadequately marked firearms or small arms; as a result, nobody may legally acquire and hold such arms.

Marking at the time of import:

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:

SALW in the possession of the government armed a security forces for their own use are marked with the manufacturer’s code (assigned to the manufacturer by the Ministry of Defence), serial number, and a military acceptance mark containing the last two digits of the year. The marks are affixed by the manufacturer (for detail see 2007 report). The imported SALW are marked in a similar manner, enabling their identification. Unlike firearms manufactured in the Czech Republic, they do not bear the military property mark.


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:

Marking technology used on SALW produced in the Czech Republic provides sufficient reliability against the removal or alternation. It is possible to determine/recover an original mark if tracing of such firearms/SALW is required.

 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

The existing laws, regulations and administrative procedures include provisions to ensure that accurate and comprehensive records. According to the Arms Act, each arms licence holder must keep a record on his transactions concerning arms and ammunition. The record must be held for thirty years. The Arms Act requires the Police to maintain registers in the field of firearms and ammunition. Starting from the expiry date of a document, the data stated in the document must be retained in the register for five years on paper and for fifteen years in electronic format. These registers hold data on all firearms that are subject to registration under the Arms Act. In 1995 the Czech Army established a Central Register of Arms and Ammunition, which records arms according to their serial numbers in accordance with the Guidelines for keeping registers of firearms and ammunition of the Ministry of Defense (reference number 20/2-280-OM of 1998). The Central Register includes records on lost, destroyed, sold and disposed off firearms. It enables tracing of the movements of any existing firearms and shows its present location. Similar central registers are kept by other armed security corps, such as the Czech Republic Police, Prison and Court Guards Service and the Customs Service, etc. To assist the Police in its supervisory role, all transfers of SALW taken out of service with the Army and other security corps are reported to the Police Headquarters, even though such reporting is not required by the national laws.

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
:

The Central Register includes records on lost, destroyed, sold and disposed off firearms. It enables tracing of the movements of any existing firearms and shows its present location.

Operational Informaton Exchange:

Needs and Request for Assistance::

Implementation challenges and opportunities:

At the regional as well as global levels, the Czech Republic supported initiatives leading to promote and implement the ITI. As part of this effort it voluntarily contributed approx. 100.000 USD to the United Nations Trust Fund for the Consolidation of Peace through Practical Disarmament Measures, in order to assist UNODA to organize the “Capacity-building Workshop on the implementation of the ITI” in Nairobi, Kenya for participants from (23) Eastern, Southern, and Northern African countries. The Czech Republic presented its technical expertise and experience at the workshop.