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Ecuador
Source
: National Report on the Implementation of the PoA, 2008 
Date
: 10/07/2008
National Report
:
 
Contact
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National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

Arms, Ammunition, Explosives and Related Materials Manufacturing, Import, Export, Sale and Possession Act (and its regulations)

 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

Regulations on the marking of weapons of war and related ammunition owned by the State and used by the armed forces and the national police are the responsibility of the Ministry of Defence and the Ministry of the Interior, respectively. However, there is as yet no standardized set of regulations on the markings to be stamped on these items at the factory or on marking them with the seal of the Republic, the name of the branch of the armed forces or police, the size and depth of the letters or the method of engraving, the year of manufacture, etc. In order to standardize this procedure and eliminate the duplication of serial numbers of SALW the Armed Forces Joint Command assigns each arms manufacturing plant and each artisanal weapons producer a unique manufacturer's code identifying the make, model and logo of the arms, which are different from those found on imported firearms. Accordingly, the Armed Forces Joint Command drew up regulation No. 2007-06 on control measures for manufacturers and artisanal producers of small arms and light weapons in the national territory. Moreover, in recent years various activities have been carried out in Ecuador to address the issue of marking firearms, ammunition, explosives and related materials. These activities have included courses, seminars and workshops at the national level for arms manufacturers and artisanal weapons producers.

Marking at the time of import:

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:

Most of the small arms and light weapons in the possession of the army, navy and air force are marked with the coat of arms of each force and the serial number of the weapon. Arms belonging to other security forces identify their weapons with the serial number alone. Each institution is responsible for keeping track of the use and whereabouts of the arms in its possession. Procurement processes should include a request to the manufacturers or suppliers to mark such weapons so that State-owned arms for use by the military and police forces, whether imported or domestically manufactured, will be duly marked.


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:

In order to eliminate the alteration of markings, the Armed Forces Joint Command assigns each arms manufacturing plant and each artisanal weapons producer a unique manufacturer's code identifying the make, model and logo of the arms, which are different from those found on imported firearms.

 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

The Armed Forces Joint Command has a National Arms Control Information System (SINOCAR). This system, developed by Ecuadorian military engineers, contains all registered information on firearms for personal use, as opposed to weapons of war. This information is now processed and stored in electronic files. The system keeps a record of all users who enter the system and the type of activity they carry out, as well as the place, date and time at which information is entered or changed. It has a maintenance module that makes the system highly adaptable to changes and/or updates, so that it will have the necessary capacity to accommodate the addition of certain data that the user may require in the future, such as the addition of new types of weapons, countries of origin, makes, calibres, import quotas, new user passwords and a registry of the names and digital signatures of department or section heads.

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
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Official records on small arms and light weapons other than those used exclusively by the armed forces and national police are kept in the Arms Control Information System. SINOCAR includes information on firearms that have been seized because they were illicitly manufactured or trafficked or because they were used to commit an offence. The information system can carry out the following operations, among others: (1) Search for transactions involving arms, ammunition, explosives and related materials; (2) Search of the registry of transactions involving confiscated materials; (3) Search of the registry of weapons permits. This makes it possible to identify and trace firearms that have been stolen or illicitly manufactured or trafficked. Under existing regulations and administrative procedures, requests from organizations that currently collect information on the tracing of small arms and light weapons are transmitted through formal and/or established channels such as the Armed Forces Joint Command, through the Department of Logistics. The Department of Logistics has given specific instructions to all its arms control departments and sections at the national level concerning the registration of arms in the Arms Control Information System, whether for first-time registration or renewal. Thus, in Ecuador the identification and tracing of officially registered small arms and light weapons can be carried out in the offices of the five arms control departments and 12 arms control sections located throughout the national territory. In addition, the Quito and Guayaquil airports have arms control stations that can also verify the origin of legally registered arms and retain and confiscate arms that are outside the legal framework

Operational Informaton Exchange:

Needs and Request for Assistance::
Need for States parties to provide and facilitate technical and technological assistance and cooperation to strengthen national arms control systems so as to prevent, combat and eradicate illicit manfuacturing and trafficking in SALW. It will be necessary to contact international organizations to request the appropriate support.

Implementation challenges and opportunities: