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Finland
Source
: National Report on the Implementation of the ITI, 2008 
Date
: 10/07/2008
National Report
: 2010
 
Contact
: Politicial Department, Ministry for Foreign Affairs
Email
: pol-05@formin.fi
 
 
 
 


National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

Firearms Act 1998

 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

In Finland each small arm and light weapon is marked at the time of manufacture. This marking of small arms and small arms components with serial numbers or another marking suitable for the identification of the object is unique and identifies the country of manufacture. It also provides information that enables the national authorities in Finland to identify the manufacturer and serial number to enable the competent authorities to identify and trace each arm. Finland has joined the Convention on Reciprocal Recognition of Proof Marks on Small Arms, 1 July 1969, which sets standards on the content of the marking of firearms. Each batch of ammunition and their packaging is marked at the time of manufacture. The marking of the packaging of ammunition is unique and identifies the country of manufacture, the manufacturer and the batch number.

Marking at the time of import:

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:

All firearms in the possession of the police possess a marking so that they can be identified.


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:



 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

The government keeps a register of the manufacture of SALW (firearms, firearm components, cartridges and projectiles) for at least 10 years, but the documentation on export licenses granted by the Ministry of Defense is kept permanently. For international transactions, the following information is recorded: the mark, the issuance and expiration date of the appropriate licenses or authorization, the country of export, of import and/or transit, and the final recipient and the description and quantity of the articles. A firearms dealer manufacturing firearms, firearms components, cartridges and specially dangerous projectiles must keep a register containing details of both the weapon and the transferee and must on request present to register to the police as well as convey it to the permit authority when the trade permits for dealing expires or if it is revoked. The register must be conserved for at least 10 years after the last entry made therein. There is a separate register of firearms which are in the possession of the police. A firearms dealer manufacturing firearms, firearm components, cartridges and especially dangerous projectiles shall keep a register. The register of the manufacturer shall include information as follows: 1) the amount, type, mode of operation, calibre, the manufacturer's mark, model or number as well as the serial number of the manufactured firearms; 2) the amount, type, calibre of the barrel, the manufacturer's mark, model or number as well as the serial number of the firearm components manufactured if known; 3) the amount, type and calibre of the cartridges and especially dangerous projectiles manufactured; 4) the amount, type and content of the gas sprays manufactured; 5) the name of the transferee; 6) the time of the transfer; and 7) information concerning the transferee's trade permits for dealing. A dealer shall on request present the register to the police and convey a record of it to the permit authority on the permit’s expiration or revocation. The register shall be conserved for at least ten years after the last entry. A dealer is under obligation to employ a person in charge of the firearms’ dealing. This person is responsible for the operations under the Firearms Act and related degrees together with the provisions of the permit. The person in charge by the Police Authority which issues the trade permit for dealing. Registers, books, storages with storage facilities of dealers are examined by police in the territory falling under their competence. In carrying out the examination the police are entitled to have access to the dealer’s records. This also applies to the facilities in which the firearms with their components, cartridges and especially dangerous projectiles are stored. In cases involving international transfers, the following information is recorded: the mark, the issuance and expiration date of the appropriate licenses or authorisation, the country of export, the country of import, the transit countries if any, and the final recipient and the description and quantity of the articles.

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
:

Finland has, as a Member State of the European Union, actively participated in the amendment procedures of the Council Directive 91/477/EEC of 18 June 1991 on control of the acquisition and possession of weapons. Directive of the European Parliament and the Council amending the above mentioned Council Directive, entered into force 28 July 2008. The Directive aims at enhancing tracing of firearms within the European Union. Finland is renewing its legislation to conform the requirements of the new directive.

Operational Informaton Exchange:

Needs and Request for Assistance::

Implementation challenges and opportunities: