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Italy
Source
: National Report on the Implementation of the PoA and the ITI, 2010 and 2008 
Date
: 06/05/2011
National Report
:
 
Contact
: Ms. Maria Paravati, Department of Public Security, General Administration Office
Email
: maria.paravati@interno.it
 
 
 
 


National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

Comprehensive Law on Public Security

 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

Under Italian law, small arms and light weapons are divided into two categories, common firearms (civil/sport) and military, which have slightly different requirements for marking. In Italy, small arms and light weapons (SALW) marking is carried out during their manufacturing process by the production firms, on the basis of the drawings and documentation provided by the Ministry of Defence. Although Italian law requires marking only for common firearms, the ad hoc technical working group on SALW has stressed that Italian firms already voluntarily mark military arms during the manufacturing process. Each firearm is marked with a unique serial number, the year of import, the country of origin and the marking of the Italian Republic (or other marking in case of arms imported from a country outside the EU). Moreover, all military weapons manufactured by the private industry must be tested by the Ministry of Defence. The Institution in charge for the testing evaluates the compliance of weapons with the contract specifications, verifies that the weapons and their main components bear the identification marking and impresses a special mark with the emblem of the Italian Republic and the identification of the Institution itself. Marking is usually carried out by engraving or punching. Markings provided as per below specification make any given firearm uniquely identifiable and traceable. Civil / Sport market • FIREARMS MODEL • CALIBER OR GAUGE • NAME OF MANUFACTURER • LOGO OF MANUFACTURER • COUNTRY OF ORIGIN • SERIAL NUMBER • IF APPLICABLE NATIONAL CATALOG NUMBER AS PER ITALIAN LAW 110/75 • NATIONAL PROOFING HOUSE STAMP EVIDENCING : o YEAR OF MANUFACTURE o OVERPRESSURE TEST • FOR U.S. MARKET ONLY NAME ,CITY AND STATE OF THE IMPORTER. Military market (military firearms identified as per Italian law 110/75 ) • FIREARMS MODEL • CALIBER OR GAUGE • NAME OF MANUFACTURER • LOGO OF MANUFACTURER • COUNTRY OF ORIGIN • SERIAL NUMBER • IF REQUIRED NATIONAL PROOFING HOUSE STAMP EVIDENCING: o YEAR OF MANUFACTURE o OVERPRESSURE TEST • FOR U.S. MARKET ONLY NAME ,CITY AND STATE OF THE IMPORTER. • IF REQUIRED NSN ( NATO STOCK NUMBER ) MARKINGS, FOR ITALIAN GOVERNMENT FORCES STAMPING OF MILITARY QUALITY ASSURANCE INSPECTORS

Marking at the time of import:

All imported SALW are directed to a verification centre (point of entry) where physical checks (one by one) of weapons and their registration are performed. The weapon's main data, including the registration number and the contract or purchasing order number, enable tracking of the weapon's "history", in particular its import year.

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:



 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

Due to the ratification of the above mentioned Convention, Italian law (in this case, the “Comprehensive Law on Public Security”) has been amended accordingly. In particular, as far as maintenance of information related to firearms at manufacture and at commercial sale is concerned, records will be kept, according to the amended law, for ten years. Detailed procedures indicated in previous reports submitted by Italy still apply.

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
:

In December 2009 a computerized system, named SPACE, was introduced. When fully operational it will make it possible to trace electronically every firearm bound for the civil market, manufactured, imported, exported or held by Italian companies or nationals.

Operational Informaton Exchange:

Italy shares information on marking practices with the OSCE Secretariat and Member States.

Needs and Request for Assistance::

Implementation challenges and opportunities: