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Philippines
Source
: National Report on the Implementation of the ITI and the PoA, 2010 and2008 
Date
: 06/05/2011
National Report
:
 
Contact
: Hon. Florencio D. Fianza, Office of the Special Envoy on Transnational Crime
Email
: florfianza@yahoo.com
 
 
 
 


National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

Presidential Decree 1866, as amended by Republic Act 8294; Executive Order No. 122, 13 September 1993

 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

By a Memorandum issued 15 August 1997 by the Firearms and Explosives Division of the Philippine National Police (FED-PNP) on "Firearms Description", authorised firearm manufacturers are required to mark their products showing therein a distinctive or unique mark and the firearm's model and serial numbers on at least three main parts of the fireram the receiver, the barrel and the slide. All manufactured firearms, ammunition and major firearm parts must have their trade marks of brands for easy identification and shall be deposited with the FED-PNP for safekeeping prior to its sale to licensed/authorized dealers only upon approval of the Chief of the Philippine National Police.

Marking at the time of import:

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:

All firearms in possession of government armed and security forces, as well as provate security agencies, local governmnet units, government owned and contolled corporations and other relevant governmnet agencies are distinctively marked.


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:

Presidential Decree 1866, as amended by Republic Act 8294, and its implementing rules and regulations require licensed manufacturers of SALW to apply an appropriate and relaite marking system on each weapon as an integral part of the production process. The system of marking is user firendly and designed in such a way that markings are easily recognisable and readable. Police and customs officials can easily run checks by comparing an individual firearm with its accompanying documentation. Any removal or alteration of markings would be noticeable without any technical aid.

 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

The Philippines maintains comprehensive and accurate records on the manufacture and holding of SALW under the provisions of Executive Order No. 122 which provides for the surrendering and licensing of loose firearms and the establishment of records for all firearms. All confiscated, captured, surrendered and deposited firearms are turned over to the storage branch of the Phillipine National Police (FED-PNP) to be recorded and tagged as to their type, kind, calibre, make and category. Each manufacturer must submit monthly reports to FED-PNP as to the type, calibre and quantities of finished products and sales made during that period. The FED-PNP is the final repository and sole clearing house of all records and information on firearms and ammuntion including government-owned firearms. Records are kept by this agency as long as necessary (with back up files stored on compact discs). The Commission on Audit (COA) continues to assess the internal controls and policies adopted by concerned agencies whose main responsibility deals with the maintenance, safekeeping, and custody of government firearms. COA supports a nationwide inventory-taking of firearms to be witnessed by their field auditors in order to arrive at the correct balance and pinpoint accountabilities. Any firearms manufacturing firm shall submit a monthly report to FED-PNP as to the types, calibres and quantities of finished products and sales made during the period as well as the inventory of the products and raw materials in stock.

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
:

In order to track systematically firearms, and where possible their parts and components, the FED-PNP has upgraded its Firearm Management Information System. It allows for the identification and verification of an individual SALW's path and destinations. At present, all records of firearms and firearms holders are encoded in the FIMS and can be easily traced and updated. Applicants for new firearms licences are required to complete a list of mandatory requirements and give information for encoding in the FIMS. The Firearms Ballistics Information System (FBIS) is implemented by the FED-PNP. This state-of-the art system of gun “fingerprinting” has been developed relying on computer analysis and is now widely used all over the world. It contains ballistics records which can be matched with firearms. In addition, the NALECC, as mentioned, collates information to investigate and entrap smugglers. The 41 member agencies meet at least once a month.

Operational Informaton Exchange:

Information exchange and international cooperation is done through the Association of Southeast Asian National Police (ASEANAPOL) and the INTERPOL NCB MANILA, which is also based in PNP headquarters. The INTERPOL NCB Secretariat is with the PCTC and co-located with the PNP-FED in Camp Crame. The Philippine government shares information for law enforcement and prosecution purposes on the basis of supporting agreements such as the Agreement on Information Exchange and Establishment of Communication Procedures, signed 7 May 2002 with the governments of Indonesia and Malaysia.

Needs and Request for Assistance::
The Crime Laboratory Services of the Philippine National Police (CLS-PNP) has submitted to the Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) a project proposal on the acquisition of an Integrated Ballistics Identification System (IBIS). The IBIS digitally captures the images of bullets and cartridge cases, stores them in a database, performs automated computer-based comparisons of the images and ranks them according to likelihood of match. The estimated cost is P330m.

Implementation challenges and opportunities:

The new regulation by the Firearms and Explosives Division of the National Police (FED-PNP), which decentralises the processing of licence applications to the regional level, may encourage illegal local gun manfacturers, particularly on the island of Cebu, to register legally. In this way, the proliferation of illicit firearms as defined in para. 6 of the ITI may be drastically reduced. The proposal to place universal markings on weapons as a means of identifying and detecting illicit trafficking in SALW would be a burden to less developed countries as it implies significant additional costs. The method of marking SALW should therefore remain a national prerogative. To trace and monitor the illicit trafficking on SALW, the Philippines would rely on Interpol in lieu of establishing an impartial and independent international registry which would be rather costly.