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Algeria
Source
: National Report on the Implementation of the PoA and the ITI, 2008 and 2010 
Date
: 09/05/2011
National Report
:
 
Contact
:
Email
: nationalfocalpoint-algeria@mdn.dz
 
 
 
 


National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

Ordnance No. 97-06 of 21 January 1997 (Executive Decree No. 98-96 of 18 March 1998 ). Regulations to standardise the system of marking for commercial arms are currently under preparation and will conform with the requirements of para. 31(b) of the ITI.

 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

Executive Decree No. 98-96 of 18 March 1998, in setting out the terms of application of Ordnance No. 97-06 of 21 January 1997, relating to war materials, arms ammunition, has established, implicitly, the requirement that each arm, in order to be authorised for possession (import, export, sale), be marked in a unique manner (including serial number, year of production, type). The marking of rms must conform to international norms and be of such a nature to enable the identification of each arm, the country where it was produced and where it arrived from.

Marking at the time of import:

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:



 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

Executive Decree 98-96, in Article 76 furnishes each wilaya (regional district) with a record of those possessing arms and ammunition within the district. Article 76 has been amended by Decree 04-304 to allow for the promulgation of regulations to integrate these records and establish a national record (or register).

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
:

All tracing requests in relations to confirmed illicit SALW should be referred directly to BCN-IP Algeria, via Interpol or the police service of the requesting country. All other requests, whether they are of a general nature, relate to tracing of suspected illicit SALW or to the verification of documentation, should be transmitted to the National Focal Point.

Operational Informaton Exchange:

Needs and Request for Assistance::

Implementation challenges and opportunities:


 
 
 

It should be noted that Algeria advocated that the International Tracing Instrument be both legally binding and cover ammunition, but that these objectives were not realised. This may be contrasted with the OAS CIFTA Convention which is both legally binding and requires systematic marking and tracing of ammunition over 12.7mm. Algeria remains convinced of the need to mark and trace ammunition, without which SALW are almost rendered ineffective. Algeria envisages the establishment of a strict national system of control of (commercial) ammunition. Currently, in addition to registration during the licensing process, our legislation requires that every usage of ammunition by someone possessing an arm (with the exception of guns used for sport or hunting) must be declared and justified (following a police enquires) and the empty shells retained. However, this system will be incmplete if it does not take account of the possibility of the replacement of ammunition via the illicit market, with ammunition not bearing an identification necessity. Hence the necessity for systematic marking of (commercial) small calibre ammunition, allowing for their systematic registration. This marking (of cartridge cases and packaging) should be carried out by batch at the time of production (or importation) and be completed systematically and in a unique manner. During the negotiations for the ITI, one of the arguments advanced against including the tracing of ammunition was the technical difficulty of marking ammunition, given the small dimensions and quantity to be marked. This argument is invalid given modern marking techniques. Modern laser machines and ink jets, controlled by computers f microprocessors allow marking of any quantity, form or dimension. The size of the marking may be as small as required, even invisible to the naked eye (opening the possibility of secret marking, as advocated by certain States). The marking and tracing of ammunition falls within the remit of the Programme of Action and does not need to be further justified, if we are really serious about implementing fully the PoA. Given these considerations, it should be recalled that the negotiating Group for the ITI made the proposal that tracing ammunition should be the object of a separate international instrument. In the knowledge that a great majority of States supports such an instrument , it would be appropriate to submit a draft resolution to the next session of the General Assembly which would give the mandate for a Working Group to negotiate an instrument to enable states to identify and trace SALW ammunition.