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Congo
Source
: National report on the implementation of PoA, 2010 and 2008  
Date
: 04/05/2011
National Report
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National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

Ordnance No. 62/64 of 16 October 1962 on war materials, arms and ammunition (manufacture, import, export, sale and transfer) could do with updating in order to include provisions on marking, tracing, transfer and destruction of surplus arms.

 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

Marking at the time of import:

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:

The government has imposed numerical and nominal controls in order to identify and register the arms held by the Armed Forces. Congo recently received an electronic marking machine from the Regional Centre on Small Arms and Light Weapons in the Great Lakes Region, the Horn of Africa and Bordering States (RECSA).


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:



 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

SALW in the possession of Government: The government is carrying out an inventory of material related to arms in all parts of the Armed Forces in order to establish new arms registers. Numerical and nominal inspection in order to identify and register all weapons used by public security forces. Weapons used by the public security forces are entered into accounting documents throughout their life cycle both at the level of the central administration and at the level of operational units: • End-user certificates • Receipt-delivery reports • Daily records • General (national) records • Assignment and return records • Inventory records • Weapons records of units • Records of weapons assigned and returned by units • Vouchers for weapons movements and transfers Congo has also computerised information related to the management of arms movements, using the software, "Dream". The “Dream” software, introduced as part of the United Nations Programme of Action, was intended more for the management of disarmament, demobilization and reintegration (DDR) programmes than the simple management of weapons, although it does make it possible to trace the weapons of former combatants. Therefore, the army and security forces data centre is preparing software (WDARMES) that will make it possible to take inventories of weapons and facilitate the management of related data. That software has already been tested when drawing up the initial inventory of weapons held by the public security forces in military zone No. 9 (Brazzaville). The results obtained were used to compose the various reports on weapons held by units by group, branch and force.

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
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Operational Informaton Exchange:

The Congolese government supports the initiative of Sao Tomé and Principe, launched by the Permanant Standing Committee on Security Questions realted to Central Africa in 2006, to put in place a coordinated system for the control of SALW circulation, with the major objective of leading to a convention linking all of the states in the subregion. The Government has also concluded a tripartite agreement with the DRC and Angola under which the three States parties organises regular patrols of their common borders in order to combat transborder criminality.

Needs and Request for Assistance::
The governmnet has come up against financial difficulties in acquiring the necessary technical material to establish a reliable system of marking

Implementation challenges and opportunities: