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Republic of Korea
Source
: National Report on the Implementation of the PoA, 2010 and 2008 
Date
: 06/05/2011
National Report
:
 
Contact
: Jeewon Park, Third Secretary, Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Division, International Organizations Bureau, Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade
Email
: jwpark07@mofat.go.kr; disarmament@mofat.go.kr
 
 
 
 


National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

Act on Defense Acquisition, 2 Januray 2006; Act on the Control of Firearms, Swords, Explosives, 13 December 1961 According to Article 42 (1) of the Act on the Control of Firearms, Swords, Explosives, etc. and Article 50 of the Act’s Presidential Decree, unmarked and inadequately marked small arms and light weapons to be used for non-military purposes are prohibited from being circulated.

 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

According to the Article 2 (4) of the Execution Regulation of the Firearms Control Act, information on manufacturer, model and caliber should be marked on the left side of the receiver and initials of manufacturer, year of manufacture and six-digit serial number on the right side of the receiver. The Article adds that the initials of the manufacturer, year of manufacture and six-digit serial number should be marked on the trigger. Manufacturer and importer are permitted to manufacture and import only small arms and light weapons for which samples have successfully passed safety checks conducted by the Gun & Explosives Safety Technology Association (GESTA). One of the major criteria for such checks is compliance with the aforementioned regulations regarding marking. Small arms and light weapons that fail to comply with marking regulations are not permitted to be manufactured and imported. Aaccording to Article 53 of the Act on Defense Acquisition, the DAPA is responsible for permitting the manufacturing and importing of small arms and light weapons to be used for military purposes. The Ministry of National Defense monitors whether or not small arms and light weapons are produced by authorized manufacturers in accordance with marking regulations of the Internal Rules of the Ministry of National Defense on Management of Weaponry.

Marking at the time of import:

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:

Pursuant to Article 53 of the Defense Acquisition Act, the DAPA requires an authorized manufacturer to produce small arms and light weapons in accordance with the Directives of the Ministry of National Defense. The directives stipulate that marking comprises the caliber, model, serial number and country of manufacture. Marking should be done at the point of manufacture. All information on domestically manufactured small arms and light weapons are input into the integrated system of information regarding the status of the management of munitions. This system is utilized for tracing small arms and light weapons to be used for military purposes. Each and every SALW should have a marking, on its body, which contains serial number and information on manufacturing country, manufacturer, type of a model, year and month of manufacture. All markings are engraved on finished products using roll or laser.


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:



 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

Manufacturers are required permanently to keep the records on the manufacture, possession, and transfer of all manufactured weapons including small arms and light weapons. All authorized possessors of SALW for non-military purposes should submit full information regarding their authorized small arms and light weapons such as country of manufacture, serial number, model, caliber, manufacturer, authorization number, authorized function, personal data of possessor, storage, etc. The information is input into the electronic system for management and safety of arms of the Gun & Explosives Safety Technology Association (GESTA).

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
:

All the records on SALW used for military purposes are managed by the computerized Military Equipment Management System to allow effective tracing. Gun & Explosives Safety Technology Association (GESTA). This system is used to trace small arms and light weapons to be used for non-military purposes.

Operational Informaton Exchange:

The Republic of Korea has cooperated with other countries through Interpol or the National Point of Contact to identify and trace those groups and individuals involved in the illicit trade of SALW. In October 2003, at the request of Japanese Interpol, the Korean National Police Agency arrested and extradited Japanese fugitives suspected of smuggling small arms and light weapons into Japan.

Needs and Request for Assistance::

Implementation challenges and opportunities:

In May 2008, the ROK government co-hosted the regional capacity-building workshop with the UN Office for Disarmament Affairs (ODA) on the implementation of the International Instrument to Enable States to Identify and Trace, in a Timely and Reliable Manner, Illicit Small Arms and Light Weapons. Approximately 40 experts from 17 Asian countries, Interpol, the Bonn International Center for Convention (BICC), and the US Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms & Explosive (ATF) participated in the workshop. The workshop has been evaluated to have contributed to raising awareness on the above mentioned instrument and to the capacity-building of Asian countries. The workshop also provided an opportunity to establish a network among experts on small arms and light weapons.