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Estonia
Source
: National Report on the Implementation of the PoA, 2008 and 2010 
Date
: 06/05/2011
National Report
: 2008, 2010
 
Contact
: Division of Arms and Strategic Goods Control, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Email
: armscontrol@mfa.ee
 
 
 
 


National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

According to the Weapons Act, firearms which do not have the manufacturer's marking are prohibited for civilian purposes. The Governmental Regulation No. 397 of 2002, "Marking Requirements for Firearms and Essential Components of Firearms" states that all weapons in civil circulation that are not marked should be marked by the Police Board.

 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

The markings consists of the name of the manufacturer or an internationally recognizable (licensed) identification, the original serial number and calibre designation, the country code (EST), in the case of newly manufactured firearms, and the type of firearm or a generally recognizable identification. The Regulation also provides specifications with respect to the place to be stamped or etched. All arms have unique markings. The marking of a registered firearm shall correspond to the marking indicated in the special permit. Weapons transfer permits, weapons conversion permits, permits for rendering weapons incapable of firing and weapons dismantling permits (herinafter pemits) shall be issued by the police prefecture where the weapons is registered on the application of the owner or possessor of the weapon. Applications for a permit shall set out of the type, mark, calibre and marking of the weapon.

Marking at the time of import:

Imported firearms and essential components of firearms shall bear marking which meets the requirements.

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:

A person engaging in the manufacturer of weapons or essential components of firearms is required to mark a firearm or an essential component of a firearm in such a manner that the removal of the marking would be technically complicated or impossible.

 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

All weapons the use of which is permitted for civilian purposes and all weapons in collections of weapons and cartridges shall be entered in the register of service and civilian weapons. A weapon shall be entered in the register of service and civilian weapons upon its import into Estonia or its delivery from its Estonian producer to the person in Estonia who ordered the weapon and upon each registration of the weapon in the name of the owner or possessor thereof. A person who manufactures or sells weapons, essential components of firearms, laser sights and ammunition on the basis of an activity licence is required to keep separate records of the weapons, essential components of firearms, laser sights and ammunition. Records shall be kept in a weapons ledger bound with string and sealed with the seal of the police prefecture. The standard format for weapons ledgers are established by a regulation of the Minister of Internal Affairs. Weapons, essential components of firearms, laser sights and ammunition manufactured or acquired with the aim of being sold shall be specified on one side of a weapons ledger, and weapons, essential components of firearms, laser sights and ammunition sold shall be specified on the other side of the ledger. Weapons ledgers shall be preserved for five years as of the date of the last entry being made in the ledger. Military weapons shall be entered in the state register of military weapons (hereinafter register of military weapons) which shall be established and the statutes of which shall be approved by the Government of the Republic on the proposal of the Minister of Defence pursuant to the procedure established by the Databases Act. Service weapons shall be entered in the state register of service and civilian weapons which shall be established and the statutes of which shall be approved by the Government of the Republic on the proposal of the Minister of Internal Affairs pursuant to the procedure established by the Databases Act. Service and civilian weapons records are kept for 10 years as of the date of the last entry being made in the ledger. Military weapons records are preserved for 10 years as of the date of the last entry being made in the ledger.

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
:

All armaments of the police are registered and marked.

Operational Informaton Exchange:

In 2008, the Estonian authorities took part in the International Police Operation DILIGENCE. One of the purposes of the operation was to detect the illicit trafficking in SALW.

Needs and Request for Assistance::

Implementation challenges and opportunities: