National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:
The Law on Weapons (article 53) and Law on Marking and Tracing 1973 require licensed manufacturers of SALW to apply and appropriate and reliable marking on each weapons as an intergral part of the production process.
The draft law on marking and tracing has been developed and SEESAC will provide legal expertise on its contents.
National Marking Practices
All weapons imported or exported from the country have to be duly marked according to the Law on Weapons. Regular inspections (up to 3 per year) of trade firms are carried out by the Section for trade in weapons of the Ministry of Interior
Marking at the time of import:
Every imported weapon has to be marked with MKD and the year of import.
Marking of SALW in the possession of government
armed and security forces:
Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:
Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW
within their territory:
Records on the manufacture and holding of SALW can be kept for a unlimited time but at least 10 years.
The Ministry of Interior has developed a new system of weapons registration and stockpile management, which traces all legal weapons in the country. Every civilian owned weapon in Macedonia will have to fire two bullets, the shells being delivered to the Ministry of Interior.
Records on manufacture and holding are kept for at least 10 years.
Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests:
The forensics laboratory has been upgraded with a Ballistic Identification system. In January 2005 the Ministry of Interior established a special sector to deal with the illegal trade in weapons, ammunition and explosive materials.
The Criminal Police receives information about SALW found or being traced abroad. When a weapon is found in Macedonia, the Criminal Police informs Interpol. When a weapon is stolen or lost the Criminal Police forwards a request to Interpol.
Authorised state institutions do not trace new weapons unless the weapons are purchased from a trading company of the Republic of Macedonia. This issue will be regulated with a new Law on Marking and Tracing.
Operational Informaton Exchange:
Cooperation with Interpol and SECI center to identify weapons resulting from criminal events and tracing those weapons in the country.