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Netherlands
Source
: National Report on the Implementation of the PoA and the ITI, 2010 and 2008 
Date
: 06/05/2011
National Report
:
 
Contact
: Arms Control and Arms Export Policy Division, Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Email
: dvb-ww@minbuza.nl
 
 
 
 


National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

Wet Wapens en Munitie (WWM) 1997 Arms and Ammunition Act No producers of small arms or light weapons are based in the Netherlands. The WWM prohibits the production in the Netherlands of good and technology mentioned in the Firearms Directive (Council Directive 91/477/EEC) without authorization from the Minister of Justice.

 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

The Netherlands currently has no national marking system for organisations other than the Defence and Police.

Marking at the time of import:

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:

Each item of SALW held by the Defence organisation is uniquely marked and registered. The marking identifies the type, country code, serial number and the manufacturer of the item of SALW. If it appears that a weapon in the armed forces' stocks is not marked, it will be considered illegal and subsequently destroyed. Each item of SALW which is part of the armament or equipment of the Dutch Police is uniquely marked and registered. The markings identify the type, serial number and manufacturer of the item of SALW. All service pistols of the Dutch Police are additionally marked with a unique Dutch Police acceptance mark. In addition to the physical marking each item of SALW is equipped with a passive, electronic "rfid" (radio frequency identification) transponder. These transponders are read with the use of portable terminals before and after transportation and all data are stored in one centralized database.


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:



 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

Traders in arms must keep records of transaction dates, amounts, types and manufacturers of the arms traded, the names and addresses of the buyers and the administrative type and number of the authorisation of the buyer or seller. Transfers of SALW are recorded by the Import and Export Licensing Office. Within the Defence organisation, full records are maintained of holdings, use, disposal of and expenditure on all SALW. These records are checked and subject to inspection. Procedures exist for reporting losses and thefts as well as subsequent necessary action. Within the Dutch Police, full records are maintained of holding, use and disposal of all SALW. On 1 January 2010 the police and prosecution started a new national working method to enhance registration of confiscated weapons from the moment of confiscation to the moment of destruction. The Chief Police in the district where the holder of SALW is registered keeps a record for holding. All authorization to hold weapons are granted for a period of five years and are then updated. The Customs Licensing Office keeps a record of transfers of SALW if and when the transfer is subject to notification or licensing. A record or license issued and license denied is kept for a record of ten years.

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
:

Procedures exist for reporting losses and thefts from the Defence organisation, as well as subsequent necessary action. Currently, a new registration and tracing system, using Radio Frequency Identification Technology (RFID) is being developed for all SALW in possession of the Police. SALW records are organized and maintained in a way enabling Defense and Police and other competent national authorities to trace any SALW.

Operational Informaton Exchange:

The Netherlands works closely with other governments on SALW trafficking investigations.

Needs and Request for Assistance::
The Netherlands gave financial assistance to the UNODA workshop "Capacity building to support the implementation of the ITI", Nairobi, December 2007 as well as to RECSA and other organizations. The Netherlands would be willing to support states in their implementation of the ITI and, as priority states in Dutch SALW policy, the Great Lakes region, the Horn of Africa, the Balkans and Afghanistan would be especially eligible for funding.

Implementation challenges and opportunities: