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Sweden
Source
: National Report on the Implementation of the ITI and the PoA, 2010 and 2008 
Date
: 06/05/2011
National Report
:
 
Contact
: Department for Disarmament and Non-Proliferation, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Email
: ud-nis@foreign.ministry.se
 
 
 
 


National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:


 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

While the legislation regulating the production of SALW (Military Equipment Act and Ordinance) does not contain specific requirements with regard to marking, in practice all SALW are marked at the time of manufacture with the manufacturer's stamp and a unique number. This includes all SALW procured by the Swedish Armed Forces, the Swedish Customs Service, the Swedish Coast Guard and the Swedish Police Service. Each weapon is therefore traceable back to a specific manufacturer. All licensed weapons in Sweden are required to be stamped with a unique identification number before the licence can be issued. A firearm without a serial number is given a unique identification number by the police. The identification number must be punched into the weapon before the permit is issued.

Marking at the time of import:

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:

All SALW procured by the Swedish Armed Fores are marked at the place of manufacture with a small nationa coat of arms (three crowns, placed two above one). SALW owned by the armed forces are also awlats marked with the manufacturer's stamp and a unique number. Some SALW types (e.g. assault rifles) are also marked with the year of manufacture. In practice, all firearms in the possession of the Swedish Police Service are marked with a manufacturing number (serial number) and with the words "Tillhör polisen" ("Police Property"). Firearms held by the Swedish Coast Guard, aside from the manufacturer's stamp and a unique number, are marked with an official logo and proprietor's text, in accordance with internal regulations.


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:



 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

The National Police Board is responsible for record-keeping on firearm permits given in accordance with the Firearms Act. Separate records on firearms in the police authorities' possession are kept in every county. The National Police Board also keeps 3 central registers: (1) record of firearms given a possession permit (includes stolen, missing and found firearms); (2) record of persons and organisations given a possession permit; (3) record of persons and organisations given a trade permit. The records are, in principle, kept indefinitely. The Swedish Armed Forces, the Swedish Customs Service, the Swedish Coast Guard maintain registers of the SALW in their possession. The Swedish Armed Forces and its Military Intelligence and Security Service closely monitor any potential loss of SALW using a database, "LIFT C", which includes the national registration number, name, unti, place of delivery and latest location with regard to weapons systems procured by the Armed Forces. The Swedish Coast Guard has its own register for SALW in its possession. Similar measures are valid for the Swedish Customs Service. The Swedish Agency for Non-Proliferation and Export Controlskeeps records of exports of all military equipment. These records are in principle kept indefinitely. Records of manufactured weapons are retained by the manufacturer. The ISP continuously monitors the marketing and export of military equipment from Sweden.

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
:

The Swedish Police Service is engaged in sending and receiving tracing requests. Any missing or stolen weapon is reported to the National Police Board and its central record of missing or stolen firearms is used to identify and trace firearms It is possible to verify the year and country of manufacture of SALW in the possession of the armed forces through verifying the records kept by the armed forces on SALW procurement.

Operational Informaton Exchange:

The National Police Board has participated in a project within the EU (Enfopol 16) aimed at improving cooperation and exchange of information between police services regarding marking of arms and tracing of illicit SALW and cooperates on a regular basis with EUROPOL. The Swedish Police Service is also engaged in the development of a European Tracing Manual. Continuous discussions are being conducted between the EFE network and Interpol in order to find the best way of making use of both those systems. Sweden cooperates with Interpol and the World Customs Organisation (WCO)within the regular work of its law enforcement agencies. Certain arms confiscation data is reported to the WCO's database, CEN (Customs Enforcement Network). The Swedish Police Service has been engaged in the elaboration of the European Tracing Manual. Continuous discussions are conducted between the EFE network and Interpol in order to find the best way of making use of both systems. At present Sweden does not use the INTERPOL Weapons Electronic Tracing System (IWETS).

Needs and Request for Assistance::

Implementation challenges and opportunities:

Regulations against the removal or alteration of markings must be introduced in order to fulfil the UN Firearms Protocol.

 
 
 

Implementation of the UN Firearms Protocol is being done with the framework of the EU. As soon as these negotiations are completed, Sweden will begin analysing what measures need to be taken in order to fulfil the requirements of the Firearms Protocol.