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Turkey
Source
:  
Date
: 15/07/2008
National Report
:
 
Contact
: Ms. Elif ?omoglu ?lgen, Head of Arms Control and Disarmament Department, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Email
: eulgen@mfa.gov.tr
 
 
 
 


National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

According to Law No. 5201 on the "Control of Industrial Enterpises Producing Vehicles, War Materials, Arms, Ammunition and Explosives", marking of SALW is subject to the control of the Ministry of National Defence.

 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

In order to implement the relevant provisions of the OSCE Document on SALW, the Ministry of National Defence has prepared and circulated a regulation regarding marking standards to relevant government agencies and national arms manufacturers. According to this regulation, all SALW produced in Turkey after 30 June 2001 should be marked at the point of manufacture to allow them to be traced. The marking is placed on the small arm in such a way as to be seen easily on the bolt mechanism and frame or on the barrel, bolt mechanism and frame, depending on the type of the barrel. The marking includes the sign "T" for Turkey, the manufacturer's logo (which is provided by the Ministry of National Defence for each manufacturer), production year (last 2 digits) and serial number (A00001-A99999, B00001-B99999 and so on). Furthermore, a production code is issued by the Ministry of National Defence for each manufacturer, for which companies need to apply. In the case of seized or confiscated but unmarked arms, the government agency which carried out the seizure or confiscation will mark the weapon with its unique sign. Date of seizure/confiscation will be marked instead of the manufacturing date. The OSCE Document obliges the participating States to destroy any unmarked SALW discovered in their current stockpiles or to mark them if they will be further used or exported. This measure is also carried out by the Ministry of National Defence. Procedures for the marking of unmarked arms are specified in the "Directive on Confiscation of Personal Arms", based on Law No. 6136 on "Firearms, Knives and Other Equipment".

Marking at the time of import:

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:

All marks are permanent. Marking is made 0.2mm-0.3mm in depth by using pantograph, press or laser print, to be seen easily.

 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

Information related to markings is kept on computer databases. Data on firms which have SALW production licences granted under Law No. 5201 is periodically checked by the Ministry of National Defence.

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
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Operational Informaton Exchange:

Turkey shares information with OSCE participating states on its legislation and practices related to SALW as well as SALW imports and exports. A draft resolution introduced by Turkey in 1996 on the establishment of an arms register including certain categories of SALW represented the first time the issue of SALW appeared on the OSCE agenda. Turkey supports the activities of the Southeast European Coopertaive Initiative (SECI) Regional Centre for Combating Transborder Crime, which includes work on the issue of SALW smuggling.

Needs and Request for Assistance::

Implementation challenges and opportunities: