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China
Source
: Information on National Marking Practices and the NPC for the Implementation of the ITI 
Date
: 29/12/2008
National Report
: 2008
 
Contact
: Department of Arms Control and Disarmament, Ministry of Foreign Affairs
Email
: jks4@mfa.gov.cn
 
 
 
 


National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

Law of the People's Republic of China on the Control of Firearms

 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

New detailed rules on SALW markings were issued by the competent Chinese authority as part of the national military standards in August of 2007, specifying requirements for the content, format, location and production of markings on small arms, spare parts and accessories as well as their packing containers in conformity with the corresponding requirements of the Firearms Protocol and the International Tracing Instrument. - Under the new Regulations, each SALW produced in China is stamped with a unique marking (see Appendix to National Report, 2008) that includes a country code, weapon-category code, factory code, code for the year of manufacture, and manufacturing serial number; imported/exported SALW should be stamped with the importing/exporting country code and the code for the year of import/export. As specified in Article 18 of the Law on the Control of Firearms, enterprises manufacturing SALW for civilian use are required to cast the name of the manufacturer, weapon-type code and serial number on a designated place on each weapon. In accordance with the requirements of the Firearms Protocol, UNPoA and the ITI China is currently in the process of further optimising its marking system, by adding its country code, amending relevant standards and carrying out research on anti-counterfeit techniques in order to make SALW manufactured in China easier to identify and trace.

Marking at the time of import:

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:

Markings on SALW should be positioned on the main components of the weapon so as to be clearly visible and not easily worn away; the durability of the markings should be longer than the expected storage time or service life of that weapon.

 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

In China, SALW manufacturers and arms-trading companies all have systems for keeping complete and detailed records of the SALW they manufacture or export, covering each stage of SALW circulation from manufacturers to end-users. Specialized information management systems monitoring SALW manufacturing and movement are also commonly used among enterprises in this field. Beginning in May 2006, all Chinese arms-trading companies are required to register detailed information on all SALW they export with the competent authority responsible for arms export administration, including the importing country, end user, shipper, transporter, means of transport and number of shipments, shipping manifests, product model, quantity shipped and label numbers. These records are consolidated and retained on a long-term basis by the competent authority. The Information System for Firearms Regulation maintained by the Public Security authorities is already operating on a nation-wide basis, recording information on all official and civilian firearms and their holders throughout the country and providing effective control of such firearms by means of a series of auxiliary management measures.

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
:

The Chinese police authorities actively cooperate with INTERPOL, and have provided assistance in tracing illicit firearms.

Operational Informaton Exchange:

China's police, customs and other relevant agencies have kept regular contacts with other countries and relevant regional and international organizations, and have provided them with necessary assistance and cooperation.

Needs and Request for Assistance::

Implementation challenges and opportunities: