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Republic of Moldova
Source
: National Report on the Implementation of the PoA, 2010 and 2008 
Date
: 06/05/2011
National Report
: 2008
 
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National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

Act No. 110-XIII of 18 May 1994 on weapons

 

 
 
 


National Marking Practices:

With a view to preventing the production, stockpiling, transfer and possession of any unmarked or inadequately marked small arms and light weapons, it was determined that weapons production would be a government monopoly. The Republic of Moldova is not an arms producer at this time. The Republic of Moldova uses the following as a national marking system: (1) for military small arms and light weapons: the marking system of the manufacturing country; (2) for non-military small arms and light weapons: the requirements of the Permanent International Commission for the Proving of Small Arms of the Brussels Convention. The marking systems of manufacturing countries are recognized. The Republic of Moldova has not developed any national marking technologies or marking procedures for unmarked small arms and light weapons. The Republic of Moldova is currently still using the marking techniques and procedures of the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. According to the existing national requirements, marking includes the following elements: 1. A trademark and (or) name of the manufacturing company; 2. Name of the model of the weapon; 3. The calibre of the ammunition used for each unit. For a smooth-bore weapon, the length of the chamber is also provided; 4. The (individual) index number of the weapon; 5. The identification mark of the testing location or laboratory and also an indication of the gunpowder used in the tests of the barrel or of the small arm or light weapon in assembled form. The identification marks recognized are solely those of the testing stations recognized by the Permanent International Commission for the Proving of Small Arms.

Marking at the time of import:

Civilian small arms and light weapons and ammunition imported into the Republic of Moldova which are intended for sale are subject to an obligatory certification procedure. One of the compulsory requirements for certification is the verification of marking. Marking requirements are set out in the authentication procedure for small arms and light weapons.

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:

The marking (identification) of military small arms and light weapons must specify the department to which they belong.


Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:



 
 
 


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

Documentary records are kept for five or ten years, depending on the importance of the document (subsidiary or main record).

 
 
 


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests
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In 2007, the National Authority for export control of dual-use goods, within the Ministry of Economy and Commerce, started direct negotiations with the US Department of State on the implementation of the “Tracker” system in the Republic of Moldova. This system will facilitate the work of the Interdepartmental Control Commission on Export, Import and Transit of Strategic Goods. It is expected that this software will become fully functional in 2008.

Operational Informaton Exchange:

As for identifying groups and individuals engaged in the illicit trade in small arms and light weapons in all its aspects, the National Central Bureau of INTERPOL of the Republic of Moldova cooperates with the International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL) in implementing the following programmes: INTERPOL Firearms Reference Table (IFRT) and the INTERPOL Weapons Electronic Tracing System (IWeTS).

Needs and Request for Assistance::
At present, the Republic of Moldova needs financial support for developing and implementing a programme for a State weapons registry, which would facilitate unified record-keeping for small arms and light weapons.

Implementation challenges and opportunities: