Home PoA Implementation Kit

Brokering Control


: National Reports on the Implementation of the PoA, 2005, 2007, and 2010 
: 06/05/2011
National Report

National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:

The marking, record keeping and tracing of fire arms is not provided for in our law. Although the Ghana Armed Forces and the Ghana Police Service and other security service organisations have some guidelines governing the marking on the weapons that they import, this is not a requirement in our law.



National Marking Practices:

Marking at the time of import:

There is no law that requires a weapon imported into Ghana to have the name or brand of manufacturer, name or code of country, caliber, and serial number, year of manufacture, printing depths and unique organisation’s initial or logo. These requirements would be considered in the planned legislative review process.

Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:

Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:


Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:

The Police Service operates a manual system of recording small arms information. This is tiring and cumbersome. The Ghana Police Service is being assisted by the UNDP through the GNACSA to computerise their firearms units in the Regions and capture SALW date electronically. This will bring transparency and assist the police to trace firearms A National Firearms Registry Fibre Optic infrastructure has been completed. However, this assistance cannot be extended to the districts and major towns due to resource constraints. In Ghana the Armed Forces Law requires the Armed Forces to keep records of all weapons imported by them. Their stocks are periodically reviewed by them and these records are considered as national secret and are not reviewed by other bodies. However steps are being taken by the GNACSA to engage the Armed Forces on the transparency and accountability obligation of Ghana under the ECOWAS Convention on Small Arms, the UNPoA on Small Arms and the International Tracing Instrument.


Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests

Operational Informaton Exchange:

Ghana is part of the Interpol network and receives and shares information consistently on combating international crime, especially motor vehicle theft, drugs trafficking and small arm tracing.

Needs and Request for Assistance::

Implementation challenges and opportunities:

Ghana benefitted from UNREC-Czech republic training on marking and tracing of weapons in September 2009 which was attended by the Ag. Executive Secretary of the National SALW Commission.