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PoA Implementation Kit





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Kazakhstan
 

 
   
 
2015 : Русский
2010 : English Русский
2008 : English Русский
2006 : English Русский
2005 : English Русский
 
 
2008 SC Open Debate (page#13-14) :
English
2001 Conference :
English
2003 - 1st BMS :
English
2005 - 2nd BMS :
English
2006 - Prep Com for 2006 Review Conference :
English
2006 Review Conference :
English
 
     
   
 
     
 
08/07/03 : SECRETARY- GENERAL CALLS FOR REDOUBLED EFFORTS TO CURB "GLOBAL SCOURGE" THAT KILLS 60 PEOPLE AN HOUR. (Summary of Meeting)
12/07/05 : GREATER INTERNATIONAL COOPERATION CRITICAL TO FIGHTING SMALL ARMS TRADE,SAY SPEAKERS, AS MEETING TO REVIEW 2001 ACTION PROGRAMME CONTINUES.
11/01/06 : SPEAKERS CALL FOR LEGALLY BINDING INSTRUMENT ON MARKING, TRACING WEAPONS, AS PREPARATORY MEETING FOR SMALL ARMS REVIEW CONFERENCE CONTINUES.
 
 
     
   

   
 
     
 
   
   
   
 
 
     
 
Public awareness
  - Creation of websites to help interested individuals and organizations to find objective information on the results and problems of combating crime, including illicit SALW trade and to familiarize themselves with the normative legislation in force. (www.mvd.kz, www.zakon.kz). - At the initiative of the internal affairs agencies, the practice of biannual targeted operational and preventive campaigns, entitled “Karu”, to prevent and detect crimes committed with the aid of firearms, explosives and explosive devices, and to remove those items from illegal circulation, was launched in 1995. To coincide with the campaigns, the media publish a public appeal from the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan regarding voluntary surrender of illegally held firearms, edged weapons, ammunition and explosives. The appeal explains the conditions under which individuals who voluntarily surrender arms and other weaponry may be exempted from criminal and other proceedings and how a weapon may subsequently be registered to the person voluntarily surrendering it. The police also post the appeals in public places and population centres and in police stations. There are also radio and television broadcasts on the procedure for voluntary surrender of weapons. (National Report, 2005)
Collection and destruction
  - In 2005, 9,607 weapons were seized: 7,195 smoothbore weapons, 1,118 gas weapons, 344 home-made weapons, 950 rifle-bored weapons, 13 fully automatic weapons, 532 rifles and carbines, 33 combined weapons, 372 pistols and revolvers -In 2005, 6,037 units of weapons were voluntarily surrendered: 618 rifle-bored weapons, 4,348 smoothbore weapons, 989 gas weapons, 82 home-made weapons - In 2005, 5,563 weapons were destroyed: 7 fully automatic weapons, 152 pistols, 228 revolvers, 347 rifles, 44 carbines, 30 combined weapons, 3,605 smoothbore weapons, 980 gas weapons, 170 home-made weapons (National Report, 2006) - In 2003, internal affairs agencies seized and removed from circulation 13,545 weapons, of which 10,400 were smooth-bore weapons, 1,549 were gas weapons, 354 were home-made weapons and 1,242 were rifle-bored weapons; they included 27 fully automatic weapons, 706 rifles and carbines, 42 combination weapons and 467 pistols and revolvers. - In 2003, National Security Committee agencies seized and removed from illicit circulation 186 firearms, including 9 fully automatic weapons, 18 rifle-bored weapons, 22 pistols and revolvers of various kinds and 137 hunting and sawn-off weapons. - For 2003, 9,069 weapons were voluntarily surrendered. They included 717 rifle-bored weapons, 6,987 smooth-bore weapons, 1,270 gas weapons and 95 home-made weapons. - In the past year, internal affairs agencies destroyed 5,708 weapons, including 9 fully automatic weapons, 51 pistols, 48 revolvers, 312 rifles, 41 carbines, 20 combination weapons, 4,501 smooth-bore weapons, 467 gas weapons and 259 home-made weapons. - At Central Asia’s first United Nations conference on illicit trade in small arms and light weapons, held in Almaty in March 2004, the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Kazakhstan demonstrated the process used to destroy firearms removed from illicit circulation. The demonstration was conducted at the Almaty heavy machinery works. - The following were destroyed by smelting in an electric furnace: 875 firearms, consisting of 86 smooth-bore weapons, 35 gas weapons, 36 carbines, 57 sawn-off weapons, 17 fully automatic weapons, 275 pistols, 1 machine gun and 368 rifles. The demonstration was attended by approximately 70 participants in the regional conference. Information about the destruction exercise was disseminated widely in the media by the journalists who attended. (National Report, 2005)
Linkage with drug trafficking, transnational organized crime and terrorism
  - Kazakhstan has signed a large number of international and intergovernmental agreements in this field. It is a party to 11 of the 12 existing international counter-terrorism agreements. - Kazakhstan’s closest cooperation in this field is with the members of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS). It was at the initiative of the President of Kazakhstan that the CIS Anti-Terrorism Centre, now fully operational, was set up. - Cooperation to counter acts of terrorism also occurs in the framework of the Shanghai Cooperation Organization. A regional anti-terrorism structure has been established. - The Presidents of Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan signed a Treaty on Joint Action to Combat Terrorism, Political and Religious Extremism, Transnational Organized Crime and Other Threats to Stability and Security. - Kazakhstan has concluded bilateral agreements on cooperation to combat terrorism and international criminal activity with a number of States including the People’s Republic of China, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Kyrgyzstan, Lithuania, Moldova, the Russian Federation, Pakistan, Turkey, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. (National Report, 2005)
 
 
     
   
 
     
 
Definition (including closely associated activities and extraterritoriality):
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Optional elements for national legislation (registration, record-keeping, licensing, related legislation, jurisdiction, penalties):
The applicability of the Act on export control extends to the export, re-export, import, re-import and transit of goods subject to export control, as well as to the activities of those engaged in foreign economic activity.
Operational information exchange (including a) Cooperation on activities violating UNSC arms embargoes; and b) Cooperation with relevant organizations, e.g. WCO, Interpol, the UN):
Cooperation and measures within a regional Organization:
National needs (Assistance in capacity building):
Notes:
 
 
 
     
Source : National Report on the implementation of the PoA, 2010
Date : 6/5/2011
National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:
National marking practices:
The legislation of Kazakhstan provides that every weapon manufactured must have an individual number. Manufacturers of small arms and light weapons in the Republic of Kazakhstan apply markings to small arms in accordance with the technical requirements for each specific type of item.
Arms are identified by letters and numbers.
Legal persons possessing a licence to trade in arms may not sell in the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan any weapon without a number or stamp or any cartridge not carrying a type approval mark.

The manufacturing code of each arm consists of letters and numbers identifying the year of manufacture and a three-character serial number.
The symbol of the small-arms manufacturer Metallist is the letter “M” (only on the PP-90).
Marking at the time of import:
Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:
The markings on combat small arms comply with the technical requirements adopted by the Ministry of Defence, with the manufacturing code of the weapon consisting of a predetermined letter index identifying the year of manufacture and a three-character serial number.
No manufacturing code identifying the country of manufacture is applied to combat small arms.
Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:
Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:
Joint instructions of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Ministry of Industry and Trade and the Customs Inspection Agency regarding cooperation in the exchange of information regarding imported civilian and service weapons and other goods have been issued.
Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests:
Operational information exchange:
The Republic of Kazakhstan sends information on national small-arms marking systems used for manufacture and/or import to the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) Conflict Prevention Centre every year.
Needs and request for assistance:
Implementation challenges and opportunities:
Notes:
 
 
     
 

 
 
     
 
Regional seminars, meetings, workshops
- From 16 to 18 March 2004, in Almaty, the United Nations Department for Disarmament Affairs conducted the first regional conference on illicit trade in small arms and light weapons to be held in Central Asia. The conference participants highlighted the need to enhance regional cooperation. They particularly emphasized the need for joint action to: – Conduct operational investigations to identify and block channels for trafficking and other forms of illicit import/export of small arms and light weapons in the countries of Central Asia; – Take steps to prevent the loss and theft of firearms and ammunition from depots, arsenals, classified locations and other weapons storage facilities; – Establish cooperation between law-enforcement agencies and other appropriate departments of the Central Asian States for monitoring of transnational channels and illicit circulation of small arms and light weapons; – Devise a mechanism for regular exchanges of relevant information, including information on illegal facilitation of small-arms trade in the region. (National Report, 2005)