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Open-ended Meeting of Governmental Experts

PoA Implementation Kit





Brokering Control












 
 

Japan
 

Name : Job Title :
Entity : Conventional Arms Division; Disarmament, Non-proliferation and Science Department; Ministry of Foreign Affairs Telephone :
Address : 2-2-1 Kasumigaseki, Chiyoda-ku, Tokyo 100-8919 Mobile : +00 81 3 5501 8223
Email : guntsu@mofa.go.jp Website :
 
   
 
2016 : English
2014 : English
2012 : English
2010 : English
2008 : English
2007 : English
2005 : English
2003 : English
2002 : English
 
 
2008 Open Debate (page#25-26) :
English
2008 - 3rd BMS :
English
2008 - 3rd BMS - (2) :
English
2006 - Prep Com for 2006 Review Conference: Thematic Debate, Cluster II :
2006 Review Conference/Prep com/ thematic debate/ cluster IV :
2006 Review Conference :
English
2001 Conference (second statement) :
2001 Conference :
2003 - 1st BMS :
2005 - 2nd BMS :
2006 - Prep Com for 2006 Review Conference :
 
     
   
 
     
 
07/07/03 : SPEECH BY AMBASSADOR YUKIYA AMANO, DIRECTOR GENERAL FOR ARMS CONTROL AND SCIENTIFIC AFFAIRS.
07/07/03 : SECRETARY-GENERAL CALLS FOR REDOUBLED EFFORTS TO CURB ‘GLOBAL SCOURGE’ THAT KILLS 60 PEOPLE AN HOUR, AS BIENNIAL MEETING OPENS ON SMALL ARMS.
10/07/03 : REGIONAL GROUPS, INCLUDING FROM AFRICA, EXPLORE DELAYS IN AND SOLUTIONS TO IMPLEMENTING SMALL ARMS ACTION PLAN, IN BIENNIAL MEETING OF STATES.
11/07/05 : MEETING TO ASSESS 2001 ACTION PROGRAMME AIMED AT COMBATING ILLICIT SMALL ARMS TRADE OPENS AT HEADQUARTERS.
20/03/06 : SECURITY COUNCIL DEBATES GLOBAL PROGRESS AGAINST ILLICIT SMALL ARMS TRADE; STRENGTHENED ARMS EMBARGOES, BROKERING REGULATION AMONG ISSUES RAISED.
17/01/06 : INCREASED TECHNICAL, FINANCIAL ASSISTANCEA AND CIVIL SOCIETY MOBILISATION (DEBATE ON RECOMMENDATIONS FOR SMALL ARMS REVIEW CONFERENCE).
11/01/06 : SPEAKERS CALL FOR LEGALLY BINDING INSTRUMENT ON MARKING, TRACING WEAPONS, AS PREPARATORY MEETING FOR SMALL ARMS REVIEW CONFERENCE CONTINUES.
 
 
     
   

   
 
     
 
   
   
 
 
     
 
Export and import controls
  - Implementation of three Principles on Arms Export (announced in February 1976) as a guideline in implementing the Foreign Trade Law and Export Control Order: (1) Not to permit the export of arms to communist countries, (2) Not to permit the export of arms to UN Security Council embargo countries, (3) Not to permit the export of arms to countries involved in or likely to be involved in international conflicts (hunting guns and sport guns are not regarded as arms). (National Report, 2008)
Research/Capacity building/Seminars-Workshops
  SEMINARS-WORKSHOPS - In March 2007, the Tokyo Workshop on Small Arms and Light Weapons entitled “SALW Issues from the Perspective on the Protection and Empowerment of the Peaceful Society” was held at the invitation of the Government of Japan. It focused mainly on the responsible transfer of weapons, demand factors, and effective implementation of projects related to small arms in conflict areas. - Regional Seminar for Pacific Island Countries on Implementing the UN PoA, Tokyo, January 2003. - Tokyo Follow-up Meeting of the UN Conference on Small Arms and Light Weapons, January 2002. (National Report, 2008)
 
 
     
 
UN Participation
- $16,950 for the UNRCPD Workshop on the ATT in 2007 - $68,725 for the UNRCPD Tokyo SALW Workshop in 2007 - Japan has been financially supporting the UN Office for Disarmament Affairs (UNODA) and the UN Institute for Disarmament Research (UNIDIR) in their activities related to small arms and light weapons Japan provided financial support in the amount of US$476,000 for the CASA Database Project in the period 2005 - 2007. - Contributed $21,852 for an workshop on a possible Arms Trade Treaty in 2007 - $44,000 for UNRCPD for Bangkok SALW workshop (National Report, 2008)
Cooperation with civil society and NGOs
- Japan actively promotes cooperation with civil society and NGOs in tackling small arms issues through continuous consultations with NGOs on information exchange of information and sharing experiences. - Japan invites major NGOs to the seminars and workshops sponsored by Japan - Japan provides assistance to NGOs by sponsoring projects such as Weapons for Development, DDR and capacity building. The weapons collection and rural development project in Cambodia and reintegration programme for ex-combatants in Afghanistan, implemented by a NGO are examples of such cooperation with civil society. (National Report, 2008)
 
 
     
 
Definition (including closely associated activities and extraterritoriality):
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Optional elements for national legislation (registration, record-keeping, licensing, related legislation, jurisdiction, penalties):
The Foreign Exchange and Foreign Trade Law governs those who serve as intermediaries in the international trade in arms (Article 25(1), (2)). Those who engages in such trade without a licence are liable to penalties of up to 5 years imprisonment or a fine of up to 2 million yen or both (Article 69(6)).
Operational information exchange (including a) Cooperation on activities violating UNSC arms embargoes; and b) Cooperation with relevant organizations, e.g. WCO, Interpol, the UN):
Japan actively participated in the broad-based consultations on further steps to enhance international cooperation in preventing, combating and eradicating illicit brokering in small arms and light weapons held by the UN on the basis of General Assembly Resolution 58/241
Cooperation and measures within a regional Organization:
National needs (Assistance in capacity building):
Notes:
 
 
 
     
Source : National Report on the Implementation of the PoA, 2010 and 2008
Date : 6/5/2011
National laws, regulations and administrative procedures:
Ordnance Manufacturing Law, 1953; Explosives Control Law, 1950; Firearms and Swords Control Law, 1958.

Japan is considering revising laws and regulations in order to prohibit the manufacture or transfer of SALW which are not marked or inappropriately marked. Japan has already amended legislation (“Firearms and Swords Control Law” and “Ordnance Manufacturing Law”) to strengthen penal regulations of the unlicensed manufacture or import of firearms.
National marking practices:
Japan undertakes measures duly to mark all SALW possessed by the government. The Ordnance Manufacturing Law does not require the manufacturer's name to be marked on each SALW. However, in practice all manufacturers do mark a serial number on each SALW. In addition, the manufacturer's name, type of weapon, date of manufacture, name of state of origin and other special signs such as those of the Self Defence Forces etc. may be marked. While there are no specific measures for the identification or tracing of ammunition or explosives under the Explosives Control Law, the legislation does require manfacturers to indicate the type, amount, location and datae of manufacture of explosives both on their inner and outer packages in order to prevent explosive-related disasters.

Serial numbers are marked on SALW possessed by the government, and registered numbers are marked on SALW possessed by civilians licensed under the Prefectural Public Safety Commissions.
Marking at the time of import:
Marking of SALW in the possession of government armed and security forces:
Measures against the removal or alteration of markings:
A measure using laser technology against tampering of marks is adopted.
Accurate and comprehensive records for all marked SALW within their territory:
Records of all marked SALW are maintained, including serial numbers, registration numbers, types and models, date of manufacture and details of SALW dealers. Records of the SALW of police are kept during their possession. Records of the SALW of the Self Defence forces are kept during their possession and a year after disposal. Records of SALW held by licensed civilians are kept both by the National Police Agency and local police offices. The Ordnance Manfacturing Law requires manufacturers to maintain records but does not stipulate for what duration. In practice, most manufacturers keep records for over 10 years. The Explosives Control Law does not require records to be kept of ammunition and explosives for the purposes of tracing. However, it requires to indicate types, amounts, places and dates of manufacture of explosives both on their inner and outer packages as technical standards of manufacture, from viewpoints to prevent explosives-related disasters and ensure public safety.
Measures taken for undertaking traces and responding to tracing requests:
The records of all marked SALW contain detailed information which enables the government to identify the country of manufacture where this is not marked. Regarding international tracing, it is possible to provide information of stored records in accordance with domestic laws. In case that an illegal SALW is confiscated, a route of its circulation and transaction is traced by its serial number through organizations such as INTERPOL. Japan participated in the pilot project to establish INTERPOL's International Weapons and Explosives Tracking System.
Operational information exchange:
Japan actively cooperates with law enforcement agencies and judicial authorities of other countries as well as Interpol. As Japan's police system, the Koban system, investigation techniques and criminal identification techniques are highly regarded, Japan has been offering technical assistance including seminars, secondment of experts and invites police officers to Japan for training.
Needs and request for assistance:
Implementation challenges and opportunities:
Japan plans to establish inter-ministerial meetings on the ITI. The approval from the Diet is necessary for the Government of Japan to conclude “Protocol against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime,” which aims to establish marking system of manufactured or imported portable firearms, and enact its necessary domestic laws.
Notes:
 
 
     
 
Multilateral and Bilateral
- Japan actively cooperates with law enforcement/judicial authorities of other countries as well as international organizations such as INTERPOL in criminal investigations through information exchange etc. (National Report, 2008)

 
 
     
 
Regional seminars, meetings, workshops
- ASEAN Regional Forum Workshop on “Management and Security of Small Arms and Light Weapons including their Ammunition” in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 13-14 December 2007 - ASEAN Small Arms Workshop in Phnom Penh, Cambodia, 22-23 May 2007. Japan supported a weapons destruction ceremony, organized as part of the workshop to show efforts to combat weapons-related problems in affected countries. - Japan contributed $108,480 to the 2006 UN Workshop on SALW for South Asia and Southeast Asia, hosted in Thailand in 2006 and co-sponsored by Canada and the UNDP - Japan contributed $186,450 to the 2005 UN Workshop on SALW in Beijing, hosted by China and co-sponsored by Switzerland. - Japan contributed $122,981 to the 2004 UN Regional Seminar on SALW for the South Pacific, hosted by Fiji and co-sponsored by Australia. - Japan contributed $133,239 to the 2004 UN Regional Meeting on SALW in Central Asia, hosted by Kazakhstan and co-sponsored by Japan. - Japan contributed $137,298 to the 2003 UN Workshop on the Illicit Trade in SALW and the UN Sub-Regional Workshop on Transparency in Armaments, hosted by Indonesia and co-chaired by the UN Regional Centre for Peace and Disarmament. (National Report, 2008)