UN Register of Conventional Arms as an Instrument to Control International
Transfers of SALW
United Nations Register of Conventional Arms is a commonly agreed
instrument aimed at enhancing mutual confidence through establishing
transparency with respect to export and import of conventional arms. It has
been also regarded as an appropriate tool for strengthening regional and
international peace and security, preventing excessive and destabilizing
accumulation of arms.
To date, the Register also remains the only global UN instrument
that covers export and import of conventional arms including small arms and
light weapons (SALW). The possibility of reporting transfers of small arms
through the Register makes it a useful tool also for the purposes of the UN
“Programme of Action to Prevent, Combat and Eradicate the Illicit Trade in
Small Arms Light Weapons in All Its Aspects”.